Decking Price Guide

New deck installation costs homeowners an average between $4,000 and $16,000. You can spend anywhere from $3 to $30 per square foot on decking boards alone with composite averaging 40 percent more than wood. For a basic deck, you spend one dollar on labor for every dollar spent on materials. Besides material type, the largest cost factors are size, regional pricing differences, complexity of design and luxury upgrades.

  • Build a Deck Costs
    Most homeowners spent between:
    $4,112 - $10,618
    Average cost:
    $7,342
    Low cost:
    $1,700
     
    High cost:
    $19,000
  • Repair a Deck Costs
    Most homeowners spent between:
    $725 - $2,549
    Average cost:
    $1,637
    Low cost:
    $250
     
    High cost:
    $5,200
  • Seal or Waterproof a Deck Costs
    Most homeowners spent between:
    $551 - $1,258
    Average cost:
    $873
    Low cost:
    $250
     
    High cost:
    $2,000

Done right, decks add to the look and value of your home. They are usually open air and built in the back or side of the home. Working out a budget before you start is essential. Before you nail down the costs, you'll want to make some important decisions about your project. 

Decking Boards Prices

You'll spend between $500 to $10,000 on decking, not including framing lumber and hardware. You can expect to pay an equal amount in labor and materials.

Decking Material Cost Comparison*
TypePer Square Foot Avg. 320-Square-Foot Deck
Pressure-treated wood$2-$5$600-$1,600
Bamboo$3-$10$1,000-$3,200
Cedar$3-$7$1,000-$2,300
Redwood$5-$30$1,600-$9,600
Tigerwood$7-$15$2,300-$4,800
Mahogany$8-$11$2,500-$3,500
Ipe$10-$20$3,200-$6,400
Composite$12-$22$3,900-$7,000
Metal$15-$20$4,800-$6,400
*Prices for planks only. Does not include labor, framing, posts or hardware.

Once you find what you want, it’s time to check deck lumber prices. Keep in mind that bulk wood pricing fluctuates throughout the year and regionally. The following sections break down the prices of planks per square foot and do not include framing, foundation, hardware or labor.

Pressure-Treated Pine Decking Prices

Pressure treated wood costs $2 to $5 per square foot. It’s affordable and durable if treated every two years. It usually comes treated with anti-rot and insecticide agents and is available in colors like tan or brown. If enhanced with stain, and it will last for decades.

Other features include:

  • Will not swell, split or warp if maintained
  • Needs treatment to prevent shrinkage or splinters
  • Lasts 30 years

Compare pressure-treated pine vs. cedar to find out which is best for your climate and home.

Bamboo Decking Pricing

Bamboo decking costs $3 to $10 per square foot. This sustainable hardwood isn’t a wood at all, it’s a grass. It’s environmentally responsible because it grows faster than any wood. Other benefits include:

  • Naturally mold and rot resistant.
  • Cheap and durable.
  • Consistent grain with no knots.

Redwood, Cedar, Ipe and Tropical Hardwoods

Higher-end wood decking can run from $3 to $30 per square foot depending on its species. They offer exceptional aesthetic appeal over pine. They should last 15 to 20 years. Some versions of redwood and cedar are naturally rot-resistant, while others will require special stains and treatment to last.

Wood plank prices per square foot:

  • Cedar: $3-$7
  • Redwood: $5-$30
  • Ipe: $10-$20
  • Tigerwood: $7-$15.

Mahogany Decking Cost

Mahogany planks cost $8 to $11 per square foot. This North American hardwood is known for its deep and rich appearance. Always check with your supplier about responsible sourcing methods. While it’s more expensive than other woods, it has a few benefits.

  • Locally sourced.
  • Takes stain extremely well.
  • Easier to work with than exotic hardwoods.

Plastic & PVC (Vinyl) Composite

Composite decking costs $12 to $22 per square foot. It’s strong, doesn’t rot, and is easy to install. It boasts extremely low maintenance. There are various colors and textures to choose from.

Other features include:

  • Clean with soap and water
  • Doesn't need staining or painting
  • Darker varieties will show weathering
  • Can last up to 50 years depending on the variety
  • Some come with a lifetime warranty

Aluminum Decking Prices

Aluminum decking costs $15 to $20 per square foot. Steel isn’t used for decking but for framing and accent pieces. Gapless aluminum systems make excellent structures above outdoor living areas since it doubles as an awning. Many have gutter systems to divert runoff. While very expensive, they have a few definite benefits over wood.

  • Extremely durable.
  • Lasts decades.
  • Low maintenance.
  • Don’t rot, rust or mold.

Which Decking Material is Right for You?

The cost of materials for a deck runs anywhere from $1,500 to $15,000 or more. Before you start planning, decide on materials, understand deck construction and read our guide to decking materials.

Although decking material looks great and wears well for traffic, it’s not always the best choice for the foundation, framing or accents. Use the following table to understand the best uses for each material type.

Best Materials Uses on Your Deck
PartBest Materials
Foundation/FootingsConcrete
FramingPressure-treated wood & steel
Decking/FlooringHardwoods, softwoods, aluminum, composite
RoofingFraming lumber, steel & aluminum
Railings & StairsMetal, wood, composite

Designing for a unique look means mixing and matching materials. It also means the only way to price out your unique project is to contact an installation professional for a quote.

Deck design examples include:

  • Budget Friendly Option: All pressure-treated wood for framing and planks.
  • Industrial Option: Steel framing and accents with exotic hardwood planks and rails
  • Zero Maintenance Option: Steel Framing with composite planks and rails

It’s often best to consult with a licensed outdoor designer or deck installation professional to understand all your options.

Covered Deck Cost Calculator

Adding a deck covering or enclosure can run anywhere from $1,000 to $10,000 or more. If you decide to cover your outdoor space, it will cut down on maintenance and the effects of inclement weather conditions. This will increase its lifespan and open up possibilities of what you can do with the it in the offseason.

The different cover options and their costs include:

  • Screened-in deck or porch: $1,000-$1,900
  • Covered roof: $3,000-$10,000
  • Awning: $1,200-$3,700
  • Patio enclosure: $8,000-$25,000

The cost of these different coverings will vary by materials, square footage, climate conditions and the professional hired to install.

Cost to Build a Roof Over a Deck

A covered veranda roof costs $3,000 to $10,000 for materials and labor. It’s a large project that requires adding on to the framing, attaching the covering onto the structure of your home and potentially getting a permit from the city. Building permits average between $350 and $1,800.

Screened-in Porches or Enclosed Deck Cost

Screening in your porch costs $1,000 to $1,900 for materials and labor, assuming you already have a roof. Adding screens that open and close can double that price. Screening-in uses the already existing frame of the roof and posts to secure screens.

Cost to Cover a Deck or Porch with an Awning

Awning installation costs $1,200 to $3,700. For DIY installations, the awning alone runs $200 to $1,000. They’re an inexpensive, premade retractable cover. They come in different materials, styles and sizes at local home improvement stores.

Patio Enclosures

Patio enclosures cost $8,000 to $25,000 including all parts and labor. Enclosing a patio costs more because there is no existing structure to tie into. This pricing assumes there is no existing roof or frame of any kind.

Estimating the Cost of Your New Deck

New deck installations cost most homeowners $4,000 to $10,500, though it can reach $20,000 or more. Knowing what kind you want will help determine price.. Plan ahead by adding 20% to your budget to adjust for these varying factors:

  • Number of levels.
  • Railing length.
  • Steps and benches.
  • Built-in features.
  • Remove or demo existing structures.

Deck Maintenance

To keep it in good condition so that it lasts for a long time, you will need to maintain it. Check with a professional to understand if and what type of maintenance you need.

Deck Replacement & Repair Costs

Deck repairs cost $700 to $2,600 depending on the type and extent of the damage. Before you seal or stain, make all necessary repairs. Sometimes, extreme damage might call for total replacement.

Deck replacement costs $4,000 to $16,000. If your homeowner’s insurance is covering repairs or replacement, they’ll likely determine which is needed.

Refinishing, Sealing, Staining & Waterproofing Your Deck

What kind of treatment should you apply to your wood? The two most common types are stain and sealer. Both protect wood by repelling moisture while allowing the wood to breathe.

Deck staining costs $550 to $1,000.

  • Semi-transparent stain: This is the most commonly used, with some pigment for coloring so its grain stands out. Allows the grain of the wood to show.
  • Solid color stain: Solid has the most amount of pigment and the most protection. It's used for wood that is exposed to inclement weather often. It lasts for up to five years or more. However, it tends to show wear more quickly and will need touch-ups.

This makes an excellent weekend project for many DIYers. Find out how to stain a deck to save some labor costs.

Deck sealant costs $550 to $1,200.

  • Clear sealant: has no stain, protects against UV radiation, mold and mildew, and can last for up two years. Allows the full color and grain of the wood to show.
  • Tinted sealant: has some color, protects better against UV radiation, and helps bring back the original look of the wood. Allows the grain to show through. Great for darkening wood.

Stains and sealants are sometimes interwoven because you can get stains that have sealant properties. You can sometimes use a non-sealing stain and cover it over later with a sealant. Both are used to protect the wood and composites against UV rays and inclement weather conditions, along with mold and mildew. Which you choose is just a matter of which fits your conditions better.

Deck refinishing costs $300 to $7,000.

This process involves removing old surface sealants and stains, making any necessary repairs and then staining, painting or sealing. This process corrects multiple conditions your wood is exposed to, which include:

  • Swelling and warping
  • Degradation
  • Mold or mildew
  • Freezing and thawing
  • Washing out the natural wood resins and color

Uses for Your Deck

Thinking about how you're going to use this outdoor (or semi-outdoor) space will help you and your contractor determine a design, location and materials needed. Some of the many uses include:

  • Outdoor dining room
  • Second living room
  • Party space
  • Outdoor sleeping area
  • Play area for the kids
  • Greenhouse
  • Firepit area

Deck Upgrades

When planning for your new outdoor space and what you’ll use if for, consider the myriad upgrades available in your initial plan and in the future. So how much do these extra pieces cost to transform your outdoor living space into something more? Some feature costs include:

Porches, Decks, Patios, Verandas, Balconies & Lanais

Understanding the difference between these related terms helps when talking to a pro and planning out your project.

Deck vs. Patio

The two most notorious terms mean completely different things.

  • Patios are installed directly on the ground and almost always made of some stone material like concrete, flagstones and even gravel.
  • Decks are usually made of wood, metal or a composite material and raised above the ground. They are usually used to make a living space level with the first-floor doors of a home. While patios require stepping down to ground level, decks provide a seamless transition between interior and outdoor living.

Let’s look at the other related terms:

  • Porches are covered decks specifically situated at the entry to a building. While most decks reside in a private back yard, the porch greets visitors at the main entrance to your home.
  • Verandas, like porches, are covered decks at the ground level of the home. They’re found anywhere along the exterior of the house.
  • “Lanai” is simply the Hawaiian term for a porch or veranda but can also be used for second story decks.
  • Balconies are open or covered decks located at the second floor of a building. They are often made from solid materials, such as concrete.

FAQs

What’s the best way of pricing decks?

  1. Do your research. Read our various guides and watch videos on materials and designs to get ideas for your project.
  2. Determine what you’ll use your outdoor living space for. Also make sure you plan for the future. It’s best to do this part with a designer or deck pro.
  3. Choose materials. Pick wood, metal or composite based on you design aesthetic and what fits with your home and neighborhood.
  4. Get quotes. Check with our licensed and insured pros, read reviews and request multiple quotes from decking installation professionals near you.

How much does it cost to extend a roof over a deck?

Extending a roof over a deck runs anywhere from $3,000 to $10,000. However, the size of the cover and materials determine the final price.

How much is it to enclose a balcony?

It could range anywhere from $1,000 to $20,000 or more to enclose a balcony. Consider all the factors:

  • How many floors up is it?
  • How big is it?
  • Does it already have a roof?
  • Do you want a screened or glass enclosure?
  • Do you want it to meet building code for indoor living? Think framing, insulation, siding, finished drywall, painting and electrical.

How much decking material do I need?

You’ll need about 20% more decking than the measured area for overage and waste. This depends on the configuration you lay the planks. Horizontal patterns with offset seams produce less waste than a herringbone pattern.